It's first version read:
"I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."In 1923, they added... "the Flag of the United States of America."
"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."In 1954, the world was under communist thread. President Eisenhower asked Congress to add the words "under God," This was the last change. Our current pledge is:
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."Section 4 of the Flag Code states:
The code that Bellamy wrote along with the pledge indicated that all people should stand and salute the flag. In World War II, the salute too much resembled the Nazi salute, so it was changed to keep the right hand over the heart throughout.
School children were required to recite this pledge daily for decades. There was no "opting out." In 2005, a court ruled in Myers v. Loudoun County Public Schools that a Virginia statute requiring daily recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance does not violate first amendment. However, the statute also provided that “no student shall be compelled to recite the Pledge if he, his parent or legal guardian objects on religious, philosophical or other grounds to his participating in this exercise.” (Hudson) . This means that schools can have the pledge every morning, but they cannot require students to participate. Multiple Jehovah Witness family lawsuits resulted in this decision.
The argument still continues, however. Do the words "under god" make this unconstitutional in a school setting to even conduct whole group. Litigation is ongoing. If the first amendment provides that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion," then I believe the conducting of this pledge whole group within publicly funded schools is against the constitution. We have to view all these cases from the viewpoint of all people. If someone is atheist they may feel uncomfortable with the words "under God." Our founders made it clear that the government should not dictate or decide religion. Our constitution provides rights for people to worship (or not worship) however they like. These religious words should be dropped if school children are going to be asked to stand and recite it.
"Religion" can be anything today. The Rastafarians worship ganja (marijuana). Should we then allow Rastafarians to smoke weed at school? I believe our founders would say "No."
Many Christians argue that America was founded on Christianity. This is not true. It was founded on "freedom of religion." If over time our country became primarily Muslim, these Christians would not be ok with our schools having prayer to Allah at the same time during every school day. So...they should respect the rights of every citizen to conduct their religious activities on their own time, in their own way, outside of state sanctioned environments.
This pledge has many positive aspects. It helps us feel unified. It promotes pride in America. These are not bad things. They just need to be conducted outside of the school day. Take a second to watch this video. After watching it...you decide...what is the right decision on the use of "under God.?" Share your position.
Hudson,David.ww.freedomforuminstitute.org/first-amendment-center/topics/freedom-of-speech-2/k-12-public-school-student-expression/pledge-of-allegiance/. Sept. 5,2019.